Wednesday’s History: September 16
Today, Sept. 16, in history includes the Mayflower sets sail, U.S. imposes draft approved by President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Middleweight title to Leonard, according to history.com.
From Plymouth, England, to the new world, the Mayflower departed in 1620 with more than 100 passengers, including members of the English separatist church who were joined by entrepreneurs that were enlisted by the London Adventures, a group of investors promised a share of the colony's profits.
The 90-foot Mayflower was blown 500 miles off course with rough and stormy seas. A Mayflower Comp Act was signed on board, a precursor to American democracy. The passengers agreed to establish constitutional law and rule of the majority.
The two-month voyage ended with a landing at Cape Cod. Capt. Myles Standish and armed men explored the new world. By late December they began to work on dwellings.
Nearly half the colonists died in the first year. In November 1621, Gov. William Bradford celebrated a bountiful harvest with neighboring Indians.
The Selective Service and Training Act was passed by Congress and signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1940. It required men ages 26-35 to register.
Roosevelt wanted the men trained for military service in case the U.S. went to war. In Roosevelt's words, "America stands at the crossroads of its destiny. Time and distance have been shortened ... We must and will marshal our great potential strength to fend off war from our shores. We must and will prevent our land from becoming a victim of aggression."
Men ages 21-36 who registered for Selective Service were given a number, which was drawn by Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson and announced by the president.
Of the 20 million men who registered in the draft's first year, half were rejected for health reasons or illiteracy. In November 1942, the ages went to 18-37.
It was "Sugar" Ray Leonard (31-1), World Boxing Council (WBC) welterweight champion versus Thomas "The Hitman" Hearns (32-0) with the World Boxing Association (WBA) belt. The fight took place in Caeser's Palace in Las Vegas with 25,000 in attendance.
By the fourth round, they were trading punches. Momentum switching back and forth with punches, dancing around, blows and jabs.
In the ninth round, Hearns' series of rights re-opened a cut under Leonard's left eye. The 13th had Hearns fighting a half-blind Leonard. Hearns fell over twice and both were ruled a push not knockdowns. Punch after punch from Leonard, Hearns went through the ropes.
"Sugar" Ray Leonard wins the fight versus Thomas "The Hitman" in the 14th round.