Wednesday’s History: October 21
Today, October 21, in history: ball hits foul pole to go fair, art museum opens, protesting Vietnam in Washington and Thomas Edison Institute is dedicated, according to history.com.
In 1929, Henry Ford celebrates the dedication of the Thomas Edison Institute on the 50th anniversary of the incandescent light bulb in Dearborn, Michigan. Guests included Marie Currie, President Herbert Hoover and Thomas Edison.
Ford moved the original building from New Jersey to be reconstructed as they had been in 1879 as Edison's workshop.
The institute was renamed the Henry Ford Museum when it opened in 1933. It is a collection of every Ford car, farm tools, auto and locomotive technology and a printing press to emphasis progress in industrial and technological.
Solomon R. Guggenheim, a mining tycoon and art collector since the 1930s, wanted to display his collection. He asked German baroness and artist Hilla Rebay to help. In 1943, Frank Lloyd Weber was contacted to design a "temple of spirit."
It took 16 years to build the museum that itself is a work of art at the edge of Central Park in New York. Under a domed glass ceiling, a 1/4-mile ramp spirals upwards going around the central rotunda, resembling a seashell.
Guggenheim died before it was completed. The building was renovated and expanded in the 1990s and has more than 900,000 visitors a year.
In 1967, to protest Americans in Vietnam, nearly 100,000 people marched to Washington, half going to the Pentagon to end the conflict. Polls in the summer showed support had fallen under 50 percent. With a possible 10 percent increase in taxes to further fund the war, skepticism increased.
President Lyndon Johnson sent for Gen. William Westmoreland to address Congress and the public, which slowed down criticisms. The protesters were not only questioning conduct in Vietnam but the nation's Cold War foreign policy.
It was 1975 Boston Red Sox vs. Cincinnati Reds in the World Series. Trailing three games to two in Game 6, Red Sox take a lead. Reds tie it in the fifth. In the eighth Reds are winning, then Red Sox pitcher Bernie Carbo ties it with a three-run homer.
Twelve pitchers later and going into the bottom of the 12th at 12:34AM, Pat Darcy pitches to Carlton Fisk, who hits it hard to the left. Fisk tries to wave the ball fair. The ball bounces off the foul pole for a home run. The Cincinnati Reds go on to win 4-3 in Game 7.
The Red Sox named the left field pole after Fisk in 2005.