Wednesday’s History: November 18
Today, November 18, in history includes setting time zones, subway fire and Koufax retires ... according to history.com.
The American and Canadian railroads ended confusion of times by creating time zones at high noon in 1883.
Instead of days and months, trains could move people and freight from town to town in hours. To make matters confusing, each U.S. town had a different local time according to the sun at high noon. This was a setback for the time-conscious railroad system. Railroad timetables listed local arrival and departure times according to the town's time zone.
The railroad companies created a time code system and divided the U.S. into time zones. The four dividing times are similar to today. People quickly adapted and, in 1913, the time zones were adopted by Congress.
In 1955, Sandy Koufax started pitching for the Brooklyn Dodgers. When the team moved to Los Angeles, he gained control of his pitches.
He set a major league strikeout record in 1965 with 382. From 1962-65, he threw one no-hitter each year and a perfect game in 1965. He has three Cy Young Awards.
In 1966, he retired because of chronic arthritis in his pitching arm. Koufax was the youngest person to be elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame at 36 in 1971.
The King Cross in London is part of several subway lines. In 1987, commuters smelled smoke and reported it to employees. In the evening, flames were spotted under the escalator. Smoke filled the station subway terminal, trapping the fire and commuters as the heat level rose and the fire spread.
Thirty commuters died and 80 were hospitalized. The investigation found there was a build-up of grease and debris under the escalator; however, it is unknown the cause of ignition. Safety improvements were made with over $450 million spent.