Wednesday History: December 9
Today, December 9, in history includes Operation Restore Hope and Frank Robinson traded to the Orioles, according to history.com.
In 1960, Mogadishu became the capital of Somalia. A military group led by Major General Muhammad Siad Burre declared Somalia a socialist state. A drought and fighting with Ethiopia began in the mid-1970s. Nearly 2 million people became homeless in 1980. A peace accord was signed in 1988 with neighboring Ethiopia, however, rival clans continued to fight. Burre left the country in 1991. The civil war in Somalia killed 50,000 and 300,000 died of starvation.
On this date in 1992, President George H.W. Bush sent Marines to Mogadishu in Operation Restore Hope. With their help and aid workers, food distribution and humanitarian operations were restored. Violence continued. In 1993, the U.N. authorized the arrest of rebel clan leader Gen. Mohammed Farah Aidid after the murder of 24 Pakistani U.N. soldiers. In October 1993, 18 American soldiers were killed when two Black Hawk helicopters were shot down by rebels during an attempt to arrest Aidid.
President Bill Clinton withdrew American soldiers from Mogadishu in 1994. U.N. peacekeepers left in 1995. A new parliament in 2004 convened. Some areas of Somalia still struggle for control.
Cincinnati Reds outfielder Frank Robinson was traded to Baltimore Orioles in 1965. The trade was for Milt Pappas and Jack Baldschun, both pitchers, and outfielder Dick Simpson.
Robinson won the National League Rookie of the Year with the Reds in 1956. In 1961, he was voted MVP when Cincinnati won the National League Pennant. After losing the World Series, the trade occurred.
The trade for the Reds did not go as well as Robinson's play for the Orioles. Robinson won the Triple Crown that first year with 49 home runs, 122 RBIs and a .316 batting average. In 1965, Baltimore won the World Series against the LA Dodgers. Robinson won the American League and the World Series MVP. That made him the first player to be MVP in both leagues.
Orioles won the World Series in 1970, with Robinson staying until 1971. He also played for the Dodgers, California Angels and ended in Cleveland. Robinson also managed the Indians. He retired in 1976 with 586 career home runs.
In 1982, Frank Robinson was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame as a Baltimore Oriole. Both the Reds and Orioles retired his jersey No. 20. Robinson managed the Indians, San Francisco Giants, Orioles, Montreal Expos (Washington Nationals) and also worked for the MLB organization.
In 1972, Australian singer and songwriter Helen Reddy topped the charts with "I Am Woman." She also topped the charts with "Delta Dawn" and "Angie Baby."